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JEWS TO TRINIDAD

DID W.E.B. DUBOIS PLAGIARIZE?

AFRICAN AND INDIAN CONSCIOUSNESS

PAN-AFRICAN PERSPECTIVE

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AFRICANA STUDIES AT WELLESLEY COLLEGE, A HISTORY

BBC SITE FEATURES Tony Martin on Marcus Garvey and the Rise of Rastafarianism

JAMAICA OBSERVER INTERVIEW


DENZEL WASHINGTON'S FILM

CRITIQUES OF PBS FILM, "Look for me in the Whirlwind"

TONY MARTIN TELLS AMY ASHWOOD GARVEY'S STORY, JAMAICA GLEANER

TONY MARTIN IN "Best of Trinidad"

TONY MARTIN RETIRES FROM WELLESLEY COLLEGE, 2007

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  Dr. Tony Martin Books & Biography
 
Dr. Tony MartinDr. Tony Martin is Emeritus Professor of Africana Studies at Wellesley College, Massachusetts, where he taught  from 1973 to 2007. Prior to coming to Wellesley, he taught at the University of Michigan-Flint, the Cipriani Labour College (Trinidad), and St. Mary's College (Trinidad). He has been a visiting professor at the University of Minnesota, Brandeis University, Brown University, and The Colorado College. He also spent a year as an honorary research fellow at the University of the West Indies, Trinidad.

Professor Martin has authored, compiled or edited 14 books. His most recent is Caribbean History: From Pre-Colonial Origins to the Present (2012) published by Pearson Education. Earlier works include  Amy Ashwood Garvey: Pan-Africanist, Feminist and Mrs. Marcus Garvey No. 1, Or, A Tale of Two Amies (2007), Literary Garveyism: Garvey, Black Arts and the Harlem Renaissance (1983), and the classic study of the Garvey Movement, Race First: the Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (1976).

Martin qualified as a barrister-at-law at the Honourable Society of Gray's Inn (London) in 1965, did a B.Sc. honours degree in economics at the University of Hull (England), and the M.A. and Ph.D. in history at Michigan State University.

Martin's articles and reviews have appeared in such journals as the Journal of Negro History; Journal of African American History; American Historical Review; African Studies Review; Washington Post Book World; Journal of Caribbean History; Journal of American History; Black Books Bulletin; Jamaica Journal; Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East; and many others.

His writings can be found in several reference works and encyclopedias, including the UNESCO General History of the Caribbean; the Oxford Dictionary of National BiographyAmerican National Biography; the Encyclopedia of African American Business History; International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences; and Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance. He has received numerous academic and community awards, including a grant from the American Philosophical Society. He has reviewed articles and programs for scholarly journals, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Austrian Science Fund. His biographical listings can be found in Who's Who in America; Who's Who in the World; Who's Who Among America’s Teachers; Personalities Caribbean; Who's Who Among African Americans; and elsewhere. He has been a reviewer and consultant for publishers and has served as an expert witness for Congressional hearings.

Martin is well known as a lecturer in many countries. He has spoken to university and general audiences all over the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, and England, as well as in Africa, Australia, Bermuda, and South America. In 1990 he delivered the annual DuBois/Padmore/Nkrumah Pan-African lectures in Ghana. In 2004 he was one of the principal speakers at the First Conference of Intellectuals of Africa and the Diaspora, which was sponsored by the African Union in Senegal.
 
 

  CARIBBEAN HISTORY

 

Caribbean History From Pre-Colonial Origins to the PresentFROM PRE-COLONIAL ORIGINS TO THE PRESENT

ISBN 10: 0-13-220860-1
ISBN 13: 978-0-13-220860-4

My newest book, Caribbean History: From Pre-Colonial Origins to the Present (2012) has been published in the United States by Pearson.  The Table of Contents follows–

CONTENTS

Preface xi

Chapter 1 ORIGINAL PEOPLES 1
The Islands 1
First Nations 2
Further Readings 9

Chapter 2 THE COMING OF COLUMBUS 10
Before Columbus 10
First Encounter 12
Columbus 14
First Voyage, 1492–1493 15
Second Voyage, 1493–1496 16
Third Voyage, 1498–1500 16
Fourth Voyage, 1502–1504 17
Slavery and Genocide 18
The Requisition 24
Criminals, Monstrosities, Fabled Places and Little Men 25
Arawak Resistance 27
Carib Resistance 30
Columbian Exchange 30
Enrichment of Spain 31
Further Readings 32

Chapter 3 THE NORTHERN EUROPEAN CHALLENGE TO SPAIN 33
State of the Spanish Caribbean 33
Challenging Spain 39
Northern European Colonies Established 45
Sugar, Poor Whites 51
Jews 54
Pressure on the Caribs 56
Further Readings 57

Chapter 4 THE AFRICANS: LONG NIGHT OF ENSLAVEMENT 58
First Enslaved Africans in the Caribbean 60
Middle Passage 60
Sugar and Africanization 67
Enslavement 69
Life for the Enslaved 69
Punishment of the Enslaved 73
Sexual Exploitation of Enslaved Women 82
Further Readings 92

Chapter 5 THE ENSLAVED AND THE MANUMITTED: HUMAN
BEINGS IN SAVAGE SURROUNDINGS 93
Hierarchy of the Enslaved 93
Gardens, Provision Grounds and Entrepreneurship 98
Family Life 102
African Cultural Survivals 105
Urban Enslaved 109
Free People of Color 110
Conclusion 116
further Readings 116

Chapter 6 THE BIG FIGHT BACK: RESISTANCE,
MARRONAGE, PROTO-STATES 117
The Early Spanish Period: 1502 to the Early 1600s 121
Marronage Continues under the Northern Europeans 125
The Maroon Proto-States 127
Further Readings 139

Chapter 7 THE BIG FIGHT BACK: SURINAME AND JAMAICA 140
Suriname 140
Jamaica 150
The Maroons: Reasons for Success 153
Further Readings 158

Chapter 8 THE BIG FIGHT BACK: FROM REBELLION
TO HAITIAN REVOLUTION 159
Rebellions 160
Haitian Revolution 166
Further Readings 182

Chapter 9 EMANCIPATION: HELP FROM EUROPE, FINAL PUSH
FROM THE ENSLAVED 183
Missionaries 184
Abolitionists, Amelioration 186
Capitalism and Slavery 188
Emancipation 189
Further Readings 194

Chapter 10 AFTER EMANCIPATION: OBSTACLES
AND PROGRESS 195
Apprenticeship: Savage Interlude 195
Efforts to Thwart African Progress 198
More Post-Emancipation Riots and Uprisings 202
Post-Apprenticeship Struggle for African Progress 204
Education 205
African Intellectuals, Newspaper Publishing 206
Emigration 208
Haiti 209
Further Readings 210

Chapter 11 IMMIGRATION IN THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH
CENTURIES 211
Immigration 211
Chinese 212
Caribbean Immigrants 220
Africans 221
African Americans 222
Indians 222
Europeans 242
Portuguese 242
Jews 243
Others 245
Lebanese-Syrians 245
Comparative Immigrations 247
Further Readings 251

Chapter 12 THE CARIBBEAN AND AFRICA THROUGH
THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY 252

Further Readings 259

Chapter 13 THE UNITED STATES AND THE CARIBBEAN
TO WORLD WAR II 260
The African American Connection 260
The Colossus of the North 267
Further Readings 273

Chapter 14 TWENTIETH CENTURY TO WORLD WAR II:
TURBULENT TIMES 275
Natural Disasters 276
Early Working-Class Stirrings 276
Cuba: Racial Massacre 278
World War I 280
Audrey Jeffers 282
Marcus Garvey 284
Postwar Upheaval in Trinidad 287
Early Political Parties 290
Middle-Class Rising 291
Sport 298
Rastafarian Movement 300
Labor Struggles of the 1930s 301
World War II 304
Further Readings 304

Chapter 15 WORLD WAR II TO CENTURY’S END 306
Constitutional Advance 306
British Guiana Disturbances 307
West Indies Federation 311
Black Power 313
Grenada Revolution 316
Death of Walter Rodney 319
Left-Wing Groupings 320
More Coups and Attempted Coups 321
Cuban Revolution 322
Puerto Rico 328
Netherlands Antilles, Aruba and Suriname 330
French Antilles 331
Haiti 334
Dominican Republic 336
Drugs 337
Emigration since World War II 338
Further Readings 341

Chapter 16 PROGNOSIS 342
Credits 347
Index 000

"I can't put that book down. In the book you fill so many gaps in my knowledge of the history of the Caribbean. You also do it in such graphic detail, yet it does not seem as if I am reading a history book. The amount of research that you must have done to write that book must have taken you a lifetime....I always thought that it would be next to impossible to deal with the history of the Caribbean in one book. I was always of the view that the history of each of the islands and Guyana was so different. With your book, however, you have been able to pull the common threads of their history together."

- Honorable Mr. Justice Selwyn Romilly, Supreme Court of British Columbia, Canada.

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